Common Proximity Card Definitions
A means of granting or denying entrance to physical spaces, commonly facilitated by plastic cards with a magnetic stripe, a smart chip or proximity technology.
A code consisting of a group of printed and variously patterned bars and spaces, and sometimes numerals, that are designed to be scanned and read into computer memory as identification for the object it labels.
Barium Ferrite cards contain an insert, which is encoded by magnetizing spots in a specific pattern with specific polarities.
Utilizes "something you are" to authenticate identification. This may include a fingerprint, DNA, retinal pattern, iris, hand geometry, vein pattern, voice password or signature dynamics. Biometrics can be used with a smart card to authenticate the user. The user's biometric information is stored on a smart card, the card is placed in a reader, and a biometric scanner reads the information to match it against that on the card. This is a fast, accurate and highly-secure form of user authentication.
(Common Access Card) Is a smart card issued by the US Department of Defense (DoD) as a standard identification for active-duty military personnel, reserve personnel, civilian employees, non-DoD government employees and state employees of the National Guard and eligible contractor personnel. CAC cards are used as a general identification card as well as for authentication to grant access to DoD computers, networks and facilities. CAC establishes an authoritative process for the use of identity credentials.
Slightly smaller dimensionally than CR80 cards; made to fit in the well of a proximity card. Dimensions are 3.303" x 2.051" (83.9 mm x 51 mm).
Standard card size; dimensions are 3.375" x 2.125" (85.6 mm x 54 mm).
Driver's license size; slightly larger than the standard CR80, CR90 cards are 3.63" x 2.37" (92 mm x 60 mm).
Often referred to as oversize or military-sized, CR100 cards measure 3.88" x 2.63" (98.5 mm x 67 mm).
A piece of semi-conducting material (usually composed of silicon) on which an integrated circuit is embedded. It is fitted inside an ID card that is used to store user information and access privileges; also provides added security to prevent card counterfeiting.
A thick durable non-printable ABS card..
(Multi-Technology card) Combines both contact and contactless chip technologies, using two different chips.
Composite cards are also known as comp cards, PET cards, or PET/PVC cards. Composite cards are made of layers of PVC material, with a polyester layer, or core, sandwiched in the middle. Whereas standard PVC cards are 100% PVC, composite cards are 40% ployester (PET) and 60% PVC. This combination of PVC and polyester makes them stronger, more durable and more resistant to high heat than standard PVC cards. Because of their resistance to heat, composite PET cards are recommended for use in retransfer card printers and laminating card printers.
Contact Smart Card
Contact smart cards include an embedded memory chip or an embedded memory plus microprocessor chip that is visible on the surface of the card. In order to be read, contact smart cards need to be inserted into a reader. To be read, the pads on the card's chip and the pins in the reader need to make contact, hence, "contact" cards.
Contactless Smart Card
Contactless smart cards include a chip and an antenna on the inside of the card--they are not visible on the surface of the card. Communication between contactless smart cards and a card reader is wireless; the card simply needs to pass the reader to be read. No direct contact needs to be made between the card and the reader, hence, "contactless" cards. (Note: read distance and speed varies by card and reader type.)
A card that can only be printed on both sides of the card.
The process of electronically "writing" information on magnetic stripes or into a variety of smart card types. Holds information such as card holder details and access privileges.
Half Panel YMCKO Ribbon
Consists of half of the normal yellow (Y), magenta (M) and cyan (C) color panels, but full panels of the black (K) and clear overlay (O). The objective of this ribbon is to allow twice the normal ribbon yield than the standard YMKCO ribbon at a lower cost per card. YMCKO half panel ribbon is ideal for cards when a color ID picture is needed, along with some background black resin text, logo or barcode printing. Practical applications include student ID cards, employee ID cards and driver's licenses.
A security token that can be attached to a keychain.
A ribbon with a clip worn around the neck, usually used to display one's credentials.
(Overlamination) The process of combining lamination material and core material using time, heat and pressure. Available in clear or holographic designs and in varying thicknesses, laminate patches used in card printers come on rolls, with and without carriers/liners and are typically used for high usage cards (e.g., cards that must be swiped through a reader) or to add advanced visual card security.
(LoCo) Magnetic coding on a magnetic stripe. LoCo stripes are encoded at 300 Oersted. Low coercivity stripes are generally brown and store information less securely than high coercivity magnetic stripes. LoCo magnetic stripe cards are often used in hotel room access control applications.
(Magstripe) Refers to the black or brown magnetic stripe on a card. The stripe is made of magnetic particles of resin. The resin particle material determines the coercivity of the stripe; the higher the coercivity, the harder it is to encode and erase information from the stripe. Magnetic stripes are often used in applications for access control, time and attendance, lunch programs, library cards and more.
Pertains to magnetic encoding. The unit of magnetic coercive force used to define difficulty of erasure of magnetic material.
A proximity card or prox card is a card which can be "read" without inserting it into a reader device, as required by earlier magnetic stripe or Wiegand cards such as credit cards.
(Polyvinyl chloride) The primary material used for typical plastic cards.
(Radio Frequency ID) A wireless technology for communication between electronic devices. In the ID card industry, it is RFID technology that enables a contactless smart card to communicate with a reader.
A card that can only be printed on one side of the card.
Smart cards have an embedded computer circuit that contains either a memory chip or a microprocessor chip. There are several types of smart cards: memory, contact, contactless, hybrid (twin), combi (dual interface), proximity and vicinity.
(Transportation Worker Identification Credential) TWIC is a common identification credential for all personnel requiring unescorted access to secure areas of facilities and vessels regulated by the Maritime Transportation Security Act (MTSA), and all mariners holding Coast Guard-issued credentials. TWIC cards are a tamper-resistant credential containing the cardholder's biometric (fingerprint template) to allow for a positive link between the card and the individual.
A Wiegand card works according to a principle similar to that used in magnetic-stripe cards, such as those used with bank automatic teller machines (ATMs). Instead of a band of ferromagnetic material, the Wiegand card contains a set of embedded wires. The wires are made of a special alloy with magnetic properties that are difficult to duplicate. This makes Wiegand cards virtually counterfeit-proof. The set of wires can contain data such as credit card numbers, bank account numbers, employee identification information, criminal records, and medical history. The card is read by passing it through, or bringing it near, a device called a Wiegand sensor.
(Yellow, magenta, cyan) Yellow, magenta and cyan are the primary print colors for cards. The three colors are combined in varying degrees to make a full spectrum of colors.
(Yellow, magenta, cyan, monochrome) Yellow, magenta and cyan are the primary print colors for cards. The three colors are combined in varying degrees to make a full spectrum of colors. Monochrome or 'K' is black resin panel.
(Yellow, magenta, cyan, monochrome, inhibitor) Yellow, magenta and cyan are the primary print colors for cards. The three colors are combines in varying degrees to make a full spectrum of colors. Monochrome or 'K' is the black resin panel is used for monochrome printing on the front or back side of the card. The inhibitor or 'I' panel allows cards with surface foils or signature panels to be printed on by preventing the retransfer film from being applied to those specified areas during printing.
(Yellow, magenta, cyan, monochrome, monochrome) Yellow, magenta and cyan are the primary print colors for cards. The three colors are combined in varying degrees to make a full spectrum of colors. Monochrome or 'K' are black resin panels
the latter 'K' is used for monochrome printing on the back side of a card.
(Yellow, magenta, cyan, monochrome, topcoat) Yellow, magenta and cyan are the primary print colors for cards. The three colors are combined in varying degrees to make a full spectrum of colors. Monochrome or 'K' is a black resin panel, and the topcoat panel provides the card with minimal protection against everyday use and environmental elements (e.g., UV rays).
(Yellow, magenta, cyan, monochrome, overcoat) Yellow, magenta and cyan are the primary print colors for cards. The three colors are combined in varying degrees to make a full spectrum of colors. Monochrome or 'K' is a black resin panel, and clear overlay or 'O' is a thin, protective layer.
(Yellow, magenta, cyan, monochrome, overcoat, monochrome) Yellow, magenta and cyan are the primary print colors for cards. The three colors are combined in varying degrees to make a full spectrum of colors. Monochrome or 'K' is a black resin panel, and clear overlay or 'O' is a thin, protective layer. The latter 'K' is used for monochrome printing on the back side of a card.